So what does it look like to use?
In anticipation of attending my first comedy show in years, at Union Hall in Brooklyn, I signed up for the Excelsior pass. Spoiler: It didn’t go well.
Downloading the app to my iPhone was pretty straightforward. But like many users, I was greeted with an error message when trying to register on the website. Many people has been unable to use the pass because it cannot verify their immunization status. The system works by tapping into state immunization records, but database errors can cause problems, especially if there have been data entry errors at immunization sites. A misspelled name or an incorrect date of birth may mean that the Excelsior system cannot retrieve your file. So when the pass couldn’t verify my identity, I followed the suggestions on the error page and dug up my paper vaccination card to make sure I entered the information correctly. at the vaccination site. After three attempts, in which I re-entered the same information each time, it worked.
While I have found use for the pass, it has mostly been limited to sporting events, gyms, and other high-end recreation venues, meaning the user pool is limited. For working-class New Yorkers who have lost low-paying jobs and remain unemployed in the face of growing debt, entering an expensive concert or basketball game is fine. outside of reach.
This raises concerns as to whether this is a wise use of resources. The state has spent $ 2.5 million on the system so far, and under the contract signed with IBM, which developed the platform, it could Cost between $ 10 million and $ 17 million over the next three years in a scenario where driver’s license information, age proof and other data could be added to the pass.
“This passport program looks like a continuation of all policies of the state government and Governor Cuomo regarding the pandemic,” said Sumathy Kumar, campaign organizer at Housing Justice for All, a coalition of organizations in the statewide fighting for tenants. “They just want life to get back to normal for people with tons of disposable income.”
And if the pass is used more widely – becoming a requirement to enter essential construction sites or stores, for example – it raises questions about confidentiality.
Experts question security
Lack of transparency is a problem, says Cahn. “I have less information about how the data from the Excelsior Pass is used than the weather app on my phone,” he says. Because the pass is not open source, its privacy claims cannot be easily evaluated by third parties or experts.
But there is little incentive to be more transparent. To develop Excelsior, IBM used its Digital health pass, a system he could sell in personalized forms to state government clients to private companies looking to reopen their offices.
“If IBM’s proprietary health data standard spreads, they could make huge sums of money,” says Cahn. “Transparency can threaten their entire business plan. “
Privacy and security issues become more pressing as the pass becomes more widely used. The pass is meant to build confidence, making people feel comfortable in a crowd, but for many it instead evokes fears about how it could be used against them.
Vulnerable to surveillance
Many groups have real and valid concerns about government monitoring and surveillance. Historical precedents show that the use of such technologies, even initially limited, tends to spread, with particularly damaging results in black and brown communities. For example, anti-terrorism legislation In the weeks following the September 11 attacks, the surveillance, detention and deportation of undocumented Muslim and South Asian immigrants were expanded.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), a digital civil liberties organization, has taken a strong stand in opposition vaccine passports. “Most of these applications are a waste of time and money,” said Alexis Hancock, director of engineering at EFF. “Governments really need to consider the resources they have and allocate them to bringing the public to a better place after the pandemic, without putting people in a position of more paranoia and privacy concerns. ”