Understanding Selenium: The Automation Testing Tool | Java code geeks


With a growing demand for test automation services, organizations are looking to invest in the best test automation tools for their business. Selenium tops the list because of its many benefits. Research Predicted Global Market Growth Automation tests market to reach $ 109.69 billion by 2025, which means software testing is changing and expanding rapidly. The impact of Selenium test is such that it has proven to be a game changer in the world of software testing. Test automation has become more efficient than ever, the high levels of precision achieved also save the QA team a lot of time. Selenium has been instrumental in bringing about this exponential change in the testing space and the ongoing development and delivery process.

What is selenium

Well, Selenium doesn’t need an introduction. It is very popular in the software testing industry and the Most Popular Web-Based Software Test Automation tool that has long been its benchmark. Here is a list of some of the Selenium features mentioned below:

  • It is an open source tool with no license costs, easily downloadable and ready to use, which is one of the best features of selenium testing and a major reason why it is in high demand.
  • It provides strong support for Agile development and stimulates Continuous integration and continuous delivery mechanism. It offers maximum test coverage.
  • It integrates well with test management and reporting tools such as TestNG and JUnit
  • To perform continuous testing, it uses MAVEN, Jenkins and Docker.

Selenium testing can offer much more, but so far this information covers enough of the basics to understand the impact of selenium testing in the software industry. We will try to find out more about characteristics of selenium tests as we go along.

What is the future of Selenium testing?What is theimpact of Selenium testing on software testing?

To answer these questions, let’s dig deeper.

The software market is constantly changing, and so is software testing. Testers around the world understand and express the challenges of manual software testing, which has led to the introduction of test automation. Test automation has revolutionized the way software testing is done. the open source software testing tools gave testers more freedom to innovate and get the most out of testing skills. Agile and CI / CD concepts have contributed to this evolution.

Selenium testing has changed the face of automation for many developers and test teams around the world. What the Selenium Testing framework does primarily is that it tests web applications and checks whether it qualifies to reach the production environment and move to the commercialization stage. While an overview of what Selenium can do has already been shared above, we might also want to discuss a little more about the impact of Selenium Testing on the future of the software testing world.

* Profitability:

It is a cost effective software testing method that significantly reduces testing costs. This is also why most newbies prefer to start their journey with Selenium.

* Access facility:

Since it is an open source tool, anyone can download it for free. Any organization, from small startups to large corporations, has open access to the tool anytime, anywhere.

* Cross-browser compatibility and multilingual support:

It is highly compatible with almost all browsers like Firefox, Chrome, IE, Opera, and Safari. Selenium can effectively test applications on browsers for check compatibility between browsers web applications. Developers like this feature the most because it allows them to develop code only once before. cross-browser tests. One of the features of Selenium Testing is that it allows you to exchange languages ​​as needed. The API can be selected according to the programming language, preferably Java, Ruby, Pearl, .Net, Python, PHP and C #.

* Frameworks and Integration:

Selenium easily integrates with various test frameworks. Here are some examples of unit testing frameworks it integrates well with:

– JUnit, TestNG based on JAVA

-NUnit based on C #

-PHPUnit based on PHP

-UnitTest, PyTest, PyUnit, Python based robot

-RSpec and Test :: Unit -Based on Ruby

-WebDriver, NightwatchJS, WebdriverIO is based on JavaScript.

* Recording and playback:

Selenium IDE allows you to record, debug and edit tests. It records the actions to be tested. It automatically saves the saved test cases, making it easy to retrieve the tests for future use, an easy process.

* Community support:

Selenium has a strong growing community which is also an official user group. You can find solutions to all your testing problems, tooltips, etc. here. The community even promotes high quality briefing materials to get the most out of the automation test tool. The web community provides enough information and resources that you don’t have to worry about additional training to figure out the problem.

* Test Driven Development (TDD):

Another useful feature of Selenium tests is that they can evolve into complex tests such as production monitoring and load testing. The flexibility of the code and the ease of updating the code are what the software team values ​​the most. TDD makes the effort of software developers easier because the need to write new code only arises when an automated test has failed.

Disadvantages of selenium testing

Selenium might be the best automation testing tool available today. However, each popular tool has its pros and cons. Let’s look at some of these drawbacks.

  • Selenium is a great choice for web applications, however, it does not support mobile and desktop applications.
  • Without a doubt, it provides multi-browser support, but scripts to work on multiple browsers must be written using Selenium IDE for use with RC, otherwise the scripts only support Mozilla Firefox.
  • The risks of selenium migration persist. Well handled, it guarantees good performance.
  • Selenium does not support data-driven testing with manual scripts with conditions and loops.
  • It does not have built-in reports and relies on third-party reporting systems.
  • It has community support, but doesn’t have a full-fledged tech support team to resolve your issues.
  • It has limited support for image comparison.
  • Setting up a test environment on Selenium is difficult as it requires manual configuration of several tools and plugins to support test automation.
  • Since Selenium is an open source tool, no one is responsible for the morbidity of the new features.

Artificial intelligence, machine learning and selenium testing

One of the major trends in automation that are responsible for shaping the future of automation testing is the development of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Although it is still in the start-up phase, once established it will change the game of automation testing.

Automation based on AI and ML cannot function independently without any human intelligence and intervention; the two need each other (from now on). In addition, since 100% full automation is not possible, perform AI / ML based automation testing is not possible either. Some of the automation test platforms are already using AI in some areas such as:

  • Test maintenance: to detect changes and update the test flow
  • To provide test suggestions to testers after a failed or duplicate test
  • To create a self-healing Selenium test code.

But, there is still a long way to go!

AI and ML-based automation testing certainly looks better than Selenium, unless the latter integrates the former and evolves over time to transform the future of software testing. There may be cases where organizations need both for good reasons and the two coexist. But, no one knows what the future holds, but the scenery surely looks promising and exciting.

Conclusion

What is the future of Selenium testing? Although software testing is an evolving space, testers around the world still face many challenges. To overcome these challenges, stakeholders are looking for promising test automation tools that meet their needs. Most of them are looking for cost effective automation tools that offer maximum benefits. It is a huge responsibility to select the right automation tool because sometimes even the best tool may not meet the needs of your organization. This is more of a strategic decision than a one-off decision. Selenium is best suited for this kind of situation. Along with a list of perks, features like open source and cost effectiveness have created a special place among testers due to the ease of access it offers. Selenium testing ensures that the quality of the app is maintained and that only the best version comes out on the market. Other benefits such as compatibility and speed are attracting more and more global companies to switch to Selenium in the best interests of their business. Machine learning and artificial intelligence, if integrated with Selenium, will significantly improve the current automation scenario. The integration of AI and ML into existing Selenium automation will have a positive impact on Selenium testing, resulting in a progressive future for the software industry.



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