Selenium is the name that comes to mind whenever we talk about automation test. It is the preferred automation testing tool for testers and developers around the world. There are many automation testing tools available on the market, so why choose Selenium? Let’s understand a few basics before moving forward with the possible reasons for the choice Selenium WebDriver for automation testing.
Selenium was developed in 2004 by a global software company called Thoughtworks for internal purposes to automate testing of web applications. Previously, testers around the world used the Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE) which only worked with Firefox. Due to this drawback, Selenium IDE was improvised to become Selenium RC supporting automated tests on multiple browsers. And then Selenium Webdriver came along with a lot of advanced features and functions, making it an irresistible tool for automated testing.
What is selenium
Selenium does not need an introduction. It’s the the most popular cross-browser automation testing platform among testers around the world. We all know this is an open source automation test tool for automating testing on different web browsers. It comes with a suite of tools that meet different organizational needs, namely Selenium RC, IDE Selenium, Selenium Grid, Selenium WebDriver. Of these, Selenium Grid and WebDriver are merged into one.
What is Selenium WebDriver?
This is a suite containing several APIs that developers use to perform tests on web applications. Today, websites come with robust features and organizations also want to build mobile-friendly websites for the benefit of their users. Selenium RC did not support automated testing of web applications on different device environments, which gradually led to its downfall. This drawback gave rise to Selenium Webdriver automation testing to resolve these issues. It supports many features that older versions of Selenium did not have. It is not only compatible with Desktop but also with Android and iOS. Using Selenium Webdriver’s automation tests, it is possible to test dynamic websites with frequently changing content. It simulates the user’s interaction with the web page. It comes with a user-friendly application programming interface and is compatible with frameworks like JUNIT to facilitate Selenium Automation Test.
Why choose Selenium WebDriver for automation testing?
Let’s take a look at some of the benefits of Selenium WebDriver Automation testing below:
- Open source
One of the main advantages of the Selenium Web Driver is that it is open source and available for free to the public. Anyone can use the open source Selenium framework to perform automation tests on multiple web browsers, which is why it is popular among newbies. Additionally, the Selenium community is a powerful support system for testers and developers who need help performing Selenium WebDriver automation tests flawlessly. The community is constantly working on improving the tool and resolving all user queries and other issues. Being open source, it allows customization of the code structure to enhance the functionality of various features and classes.
- Supports multiple browsers
Selenium Webdriver is compatible with all popular browsers used in the world, like Chrome, Safari, Firefox, IE, Opera, Yandex, Edge, etc. It does not require rewriting scripts for each browser; one script works for all browsers. By running cross-browser tests of a website, Selenium WebDriver always provides a reliable automated solution.
- Support different operating systems
People prefer to work on different operating systems, so it becomes essential that your automation tool supports them all. Operating systems like MacOS, Linux, Unix, Windows work well with Selenium. The scripts created on Selenium WebDriver are compatible with different OS. It’s easier for testers and developers to run Selenium test suite on one platform. For example, Windows can run the same test on any other operating system, like Mac or Linux. With this feature, developers and testers can focus on scripting rather than worrying about what platform they will be running on.
- Multilingual support system
- Supports multiple frameworks
For the compilation of the source code, Selenium WebDriver can easily be integrated into the ANT or Maven framework. To facilitate application testing with Selenium WebDriver and generate reports, it integrates well with TestNG and JUnit. For the cloud-grid, cross-browser testing, pCloudy is the best option. For image-based testing, Selenium integrates well with tools like Sikuli. In addition, for automatic CI / CD construction and integration, it integrates perfectly with Jenkins, Docker.
- Supports testing on all devices
Selenium WebDriver is also known to support cross-device automation testing and troubleshoot cross-device testing issues. You can write automated test cases to test multiple devices like iPhone, Android, Windows, etc.
- Community support
Selenium users enjoy strong support from its online community which works diligently to improve the product, which leads to the release of regular product updates and upgrades. Online communities also help each other resolve user questions and other issues. It’s a great platform to constantly improve your learning curve, brainstorm, and get help from others on obstacles or issues.
- Easy to use
Selenium WebDriver is very easy to use. Its user-friendliness allows for efficient scripting and execution. Users write their versions of extensions that allow them to develop custom actions that are more customizable at advanced levels. Without a doubt, he has the support of a strong community who always supports him in times of need.
Selenium provides reusable automation test suites that run on multiple browsers and operating systems. Selenium WebDriver is taken into account to perform browser compatibility tests. It covers all aspects of functionality testing, making it easier for testers to run multiple test cases, expanding the scope of testing.
- Simulates mouse and keyboard actions
Selenium WebDriver is able to simulate user situations using mouse / keyboard events. When these events need to be executed, advanced user interactions made up of action classes are required. There are many mouse events such as mouse button press, drag and drop, click and hold, multiple selections, etc. that Selenium Webdriver can automate.
- No server startup is required
Selenium WebDriver does not require you to start the server before performing tests. Instead, the code interacts directly with the browser through HTTP requests.
- Advanced browser interactions
Selenium WebDriver also simulates advanced browser interactions, such as clicking the arrows to move back and forth in the browser. This capability of WebDriver is useful for banking and money transfer applications that do not store cache and cookies. No other open source tool provides such crucial functionality for automated testing.
- Simple controls – Follows easy to implement commands
- Reduces test execution time – WebDriver allows to reduce the test execution time. Unlike Selenium RC, it interacts directly with the browser without the need for an intermediate server.
- Easy implementation of web elements– Help testers to implement web elements in the test automation suite using comfortable locators
- Manages dynamic web elements– Handles dynamic web items such as alerts, dropdowns, file downloads, etc., easily by locating them using methods such as Contains (), Absolute XPath (), and StartsWith ().
After discussing this Selenium Web Driver is, its advantages and comparison with Selenium RC and IDE, we understand that Selenium WebDriver is one of the powerful components of the Selenium Automation test suite. When it comes to choosing the best tool for your automation testing needs, it becomes extremely difficult. This is where pCloudy comes to the rescue. It provides businesses with a scalable, cloud-based multi-browser testing solution that enables them to run their Selenium tests through their Selenium grid. User can perform browser compatibility tests for their application on thousands of browsers using pCloudy testing platform. It provides all the features needed to test your application on different operating systems and devices and helps reduce infrastructure costs by eliminating the need to install additional virtual machines.